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People with severe symptoms or complex mental disorders are often most effectively treated with a combination of psychotherapy and medication, sometimes complemented by additional treatments as well.

Psychotherapy and Psychosocial Treatments

Psychotherapy and psychosocial treatments may be part of an overall treatment plan for people living with psychiatric disorders or other mental health conditions. These treatments may also extend to their families.

Psychosocial treatments include certain forms of psychotherapy (also known as “talk therapy”), psychoeducation, and even vocational and social training. Psychosocial treatments for mental illnesses can help individuals improve functioning while lessening the negative effects of their illnesses.

Learn about the different types of therapy and psychosocial treatments, and how they’re tailored to each individual based on specific situation and treatment needs.

Read more about psychotherapy and psychosocial treatments


Medications for Mental Disorders

Although medications do not cure mental disorders, they play a vital role in relieving and managing symptoms, especially as part of an overall treatment program.

Psychiatric medications are prescribed by physicians to address chemical deficiencies and imbalances in the brain associated with mental disorders.

To get the most out of treatment, it is important to be actively involved in decisions involving medications and to share any questions or concerns you have. Ask your doctor about the expected benefits and potential side effects of any prescribed medication and how it should be taken.

Here, you can learn about the primary types of psychiatric medications, the conditions they treat, considerations in prescribing them and where to find reliable information on medications.

Learn more about psychiatric medications


Brain Stimulation Therapies

In addition to medication, psychotherapy and psychosocial treatments, several types of brain stimulation therapies can help with managing and treating certain mental disorders.

These interventions involve touching or activating the brain using electricity, magnets or implants. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most researched and effective stimulation therapy, and has the longest history of use. Two other stimulation therapies – repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and biofeedback – are also helpful strategies used for treatment.

Find out how they work and for whom they’re appropriate.

Learn more about brain stimulation therapies


The information on this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your qualified mental health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. We do not recommend or endorse any specific tests, mental health providers, products, procedures, opinions, or other information that may be mentioned on this site. Reliance on any information provided herein is solely at your own risk.

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